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Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and PsychopathologyTypical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention$
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Jacob A. Burack, James T. Enns, and Nathan A. Fox

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195315455

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.001.0001

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SOCIAL CUEING ELICITS A DISTINCT FORM OF VISUAL SPATIAL ORIENTING

SOCIAL CUEING ELICITS A DISTINCT FORM OF VISUAL SPATIAL ORIENTING

EVIDENCE FROM BEHAVIORAL, NEUROIMAGING, AND DEVELOPMENTAL RESEARCH

Chapter:
(p.221) ﹛ 9 ﹜ SOCIAL CUEING ELICITS A DISTINCT FORM OF VISUAL SPATIAL ORIENTING
Source:
Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology
Author(s):

Adrienne H. Rombough

Jennifer N. Barrie

Grace Iarocci

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0009

Orienting attention in the direction of another person's gaze, head turn, or finger point may represent a unique behavior that is distinct from traditionally identified types of orienting (i.e., exogenous and endogenous). This chapter explores the question of whether the attention orienting response to social cues is unique by reviewing cognitive/behavioral findings. The chapter proposes that current taxonomies do not adequately capture the construct of social orienting and present an adapted framework that is more elaborate in classifying both the degree to which orienting is consciously controlled and the extent to which learning and experience play a role in the acquisition of the social orienting response. The chapter then reviews neuro-imaging and developmental findings (including specific examples of atypical development; autism and schizophrenia) in order to ascertain whether the proposed framework is supported by findings from these research disciplines.

Keywords:   orienting, attention, social orienting, atypical development, autism, schizophrenia

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