Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Black MeccaThe African Muslims of Harlem$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Zain Abdullah

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314250.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 November 2019

The Language of Heaven

The Language of Heaven

Chapter:
(p.81) 4 The Language of Heaven
Source:
Black Mecca
Author(s):

Zain Abdullah (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314250.003.0004

While the majority of West Africans in the United States are Anglophone with Christian leanings, today’s most recent African immigrants are Francophone or French-speaking and Muslim. Even if they did study English in their countries of origin, it was the British version, and most have great difficulty adjusting to an American accent, which also includes the Black vernacular. In the Harlem context, their Frenchness can be both a benefit and a hindrance. But while few have the money or time to take English as a second language (ESL) classes, they realize that if they are going to take advantage of the place many have viewed as heaven, they must learn the language. While most are polyglot, they are primarily conversant in local African languages such as Wolof or Djoula, and this chapter covers the linguistic challenges African Muslims face in a city like New York.

Keywords:   American English, Black vernacular, Francophone, French-speaking, Frenchness, English as a second language (ESL), Wolof, Djoula, African Muslim

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .