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Obesity Epidemiology$
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Frank Hu

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195312911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.001.0001

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Measurements of Adiposity and Body Composition

Measurements of Adiposity and Body Composition

Chapter:
(p.53) 5 Measurements of Adiposity and Body Composition
Source:
Obesity Epidemiology
Author(s):

Frank B. Hu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0005

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the “reference” body-composition methods, including underwater weighing, dilution methods, whole-body potassium counting, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It then discusses bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and the validity of anthropometric measures, particularly self-reported height, weight, waist, and hip circumference in epidemiologic research. The chapter also discusses ethnic differences in body composition and their implications for epidemiologic research. Finally, it examines statistical models and their interpretation in the analysis of various measures of adiposity in relation to morbidity and mortality.

Keywords:   body composition reference methods, obesity research, adiposity, body fat distribution, bioeletrical impedance analysis

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