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Sex Differences in the BrainFrom Genes to Behavior$
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Jill B. Becker, Karen J. Berkley, Nori Geary, Elizabeth Hampson, James P. Herman, and Elizabeth Young

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311587

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.001.0001

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Sex Differences in the Neurocognition of Language

Sex Differences in the Neurocognition of Language

Chapter:
(p.291) Chapter 15 Sex Differences in the Neurocognition of Language
Source:
Sex Differences in the Brain
Author(s):

Michael T. Ullman

Robbin A. Miranda

Michelle L. Travers

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0015

This chapter examines evidence pertaining to the existence of possible sex differences in the neurocognition of language. It first discusses evidence and explanatory hypotheses related to sex differences in performance on language-related tasks, and then those related to sex differences in the neural bases of language. It also presents a novel theoretical perspective on sex differences in the neurocognition of language and memory. Previous evidence suggests the existence of both behavioral and neural sex differences in language. This pattern of data, as well as a range of other evidence, can be explained by a female advantage at declarative memory, perhaps accompanied by a male advantage at procedural memory. This perspective, which makes clear testable predictions and has potentially important implications, may constitute a useful paradigm for the study of sex differences in language and cognition.

Keywords:   neurocognition, sex differences, language-related tasks, memory

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