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Science of Memory: Concepts$
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Henry L. Roediger, Yadin Dudai, and Susan M. Fitzpatrick

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195310443

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.001.0001

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Phylogeny and evolution

Phylogeny and evolution

Chapter:
(p.365) Part 16 Phylogeny and evolution
Source:
Science of Memory: Concepts
Author(s):

Nicola S. Clayton

Randolf Menzel

Stanley B. Klein

Sara J. Shettleworth

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0017

This part presents four chapters on the concepts of phylogeny and evolution. The first focuses on three key evolutionary concepts which have important implications for memory research: homology and convergence, ontogeny, and adaptive specializations. The second evaluates comparative studies on the evolutionary processes of learning and memory. The third argues that a number of computational processes—the ability to self-reflect, a sense of personal agency/ownership and an awareness of the self as being situated within a temporal framework—are involved in the transformation of declarative knowledge into an autobiographical memorial experience. The fourth chapter presents a synthesis of the chapters in this part.

Keywords:   homology, convergence, ontogeny, adaptive specialization, memory

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