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Perceptual ExpertiseBridging Brain and Behavior$
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Isabel Gauthier, Michael Tarr, and Daniel Bub

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 November 2019

How Faces Became Special

How Faces Became Special

Chapter:
(p.11) 1 How Faces Became Special
Source:
Perceptual Expertise
Author(s):

Cindy M. Bukach

Jessie J. Peissig

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.003.0002

Faces might be different from other object categories because of the sociobiological necessity for humans to differentiate between faces, all of which have a similar geometry and arrangement of parts. Indeed, the large body of research reviewed in this chapter with adults, patients, monkeys, and infants using a wide variety of techniques (behavioral, imaging, electrophysiological, and single-cell recordings) demonstrates functional and cortical specialization in the brain for faces. Traditionally, results from these studies have been interpreted to suggest a modular system dedicated to face recognition. However, the research conducted by the Perceptual Expertise Network is motivated by an alternative possibility: the mechanisms responsible for face specialization may also account for specialization of other object classes that is acquired through experience.

Keywords:   faces, modularity, fMRI, eRP, single-cell recordings

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