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Perceptual ExpertiseBridging Brain and Behavior$
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Isabel Gauthier, Michael Tarr, and Daniel Bub

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.001.0001

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Lessons from Neuropsychology

Lessons from Neuropsychology

Chapter:
(p.353) 12 Lessons from Neuropsychology
Source:
Perceptual Expertise
Author(s):

Daniel Bub

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.003.0013

Although neuropsychological evidence from brain-damaged cases may offer valuable clues for understanding the organization of mental processes, relating data from brain-damaged individuals to neuroimaging data in normal controls is not straightforward. Patients show behavioral impairments, but the underlying cause of these impairments is not specified. Moreover, clinical patients have lesions of different severity and location, often not neatly circumscribed to the brain area under investigation. The difficulties in relating high-level perceptual impairment and brain-based evidence to normal performance are best illustrated by exploring how the disorder of letter-by-letter reading, which arises following damage to the left occipitotemporal cortex, affects normal reading abilities. These same issues apply to the case of using prosopagnosia to understand normal face perception, and include awareness of background assumptions, the role of associated impairments, and coping with variability between patients.

Keywords:   neuropsychology, letter-by-letter (LBL) reading, vWFA, prosopagnosia, fFA

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