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Foundations of Environmental SustainabilityThe Coevolution of Science and Policy$
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Larry Rockwood, Ronald Stewart, and Thomas Dietz

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 October 2019

Protected Areas: Science, Policy, and Management to Meet the Challenges of Global Change in the Twenty-First Century

Protected Areas: Science, Policy, and Management to Meet the Challenges of Global Change in the Twenty-First Century

Chapter:
(p.81) 6 Protected Areas: Science, Policy, and Management to Meet the Challenges of Global Change in the Twenty-First Century
Source:
Foundations of Environmental Sustainability
Author(s):

Kenton R. Miller

Charles Victor Barber

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0007

This chapter argues that while about 12% of the world's land surface area (about 17 million km2) has been officially “protected”, the challenge of the 21st century is to make these protected areas into something more than areas on a map. The ecosystem services provided by protected areas—timber, fodder, biodiversity protection, and clean water, for example—must be recognized by both national and local communities. Protected areas benefit the poor through watershed protection, small-scale forestry projects that provide employment, and protection from both flood and drought. Although conservation once had a reputation as a concern of the rich and well connected, a new model, poverty reduction through conservation, has emerged.

Keywords:   protected areas, ecosystem services, poor, conservation, poverty reduction, clean water, biodiversity protection, timber

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