This chapter offers a systematic account of the theory of modality that Anselm employs in his discussion of the problem of foreknowledge and freedom. It begins by examining his conception of necessity. He identifies two different kinds of necessity: antecedent necessity, when the causal relation holds between concrete individuals, and subsequent necessity, when the causal relation holds between concepts. The discussion then shows how he uses his modal theory in his discussion of the problem of freedom and foreknowledge. It clarifies some of the distinctive features of Anselm's modal theory by examining it in light of contemporary discussions of modality.
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