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Religion and Politics in Post-Communist Romania$
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Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195308532

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308532.001.0001

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 Competing Models of Church‐State Relations

 Competing Models of Church‐State Relations

(p.17) 2 Competing Models of Church‐State Relations
Religion and Politics in Post-Communist Romania

Lavinia Stan (Contributor Webpage)

Lucian Turcescu (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Since 1989, four competing models of church‐state relations have been advocated by the dominant Orthodox Church, the religious minority groups, the humanistic civil society, and the Romanian authorities. This chapter presents church‐state relations in pre‐communist, communist and post‐communist times as reflected in the 1831, 1923, 1948 and 1991 constitutions and contrasts the post‐communist model to Alfred Stepan's democratic requirement of twin tolerations between church and state.

Keywords:   church‐state relations, pluralism, church‐state separation, established church, national church, twin tolerations

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