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Wine and Conversation$
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Adrienne Lehrer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195307931

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.001.0001

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Extending the Vocabulary

Extending the Vocabulary

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Extending the Vocabulary
Source:
Wine and Conversation
Author(s):

Adrienne Lehrer (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0002

Wine vocabularies can be extended morphologically by adding suffixes such as –y, –ish, –ic, –ful or –ous to nouns to construct adjectives: woody, stylish, metallic, graceful, and harmonious. More commonly, however, new wine descriptors are added by extending the meanings of words from other semantic fields. A wine can be sharp, meaning that it causes an intense taste sensation, just as a sharp object can cause an intense feeling sensation. Many metaphorical words are used to describe the texture, strength, and age of wines. Descriptors like feminine and masculine can be interpreted by their associations with standard wine descriptors. A feminine wine is light, perfumed, and delicate; a masculine is big, heavy, and possibly rough.

Keywords:   morphology, suffix, semantic field, metaphor, sharpness, texture, strength, age, semantic association

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