The large and growing wine vocabulary is analyzed into its major categories: acidity, sweetness, balance, age, astringency, body, nose, finish, effervescence, and evaluation. The vocabulary of most categories have an evaluative as well as descriptive components, where negative words either have too much or too little of the property described, whereas the positive words have the right amount. A thin has too little body while a coarse wine has too much. Both delicate and full-bodied are positive descriptors for describing body. Many words are only evaluative, and these can be divided into those of high praise, low praise, mild derogation, and strong derogation. There are also numerous metaphorical descriptors based on personality and character, such as vivacious, assertive, and aggressive.
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