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Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions$
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Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith and Anthony J. M. Verberne

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306637

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.001.0001

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Circumventricular Organs: Critical Autonomic Control Centers at the Blood–Brain Interface

Circumventricular Organs: Critical Autonomic Control Centers at the Blood–Brain Interface

Chapter:
(p.292) 16 Circumventricular Organs: Critical Autonomic Control Centers at the Blood–Brain Interface
Source:
Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions
Author(s):

Alastair V. Ferguson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0016

This chapter focuses on the potential roles of the sensory circumventricular organs in central autonomic control. These specialized structures are not only able to collect and integrate information but are also able to transmit output signals to autonomic control centers in the hypothalamus and the medulla. The chapter describes the specialized anatomical and physiological features of the sensory circumventricular organs and reviews an expanding literature that suggests important roles for these structures in the regulation of diverse autonomic systems controlling body fluids, metabolism, reproduction and immune regulation.

Keywords:   blood brain barrier, subfornical organ, area postrema, immune regulation, food intake, fluid balance, reproduction

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