Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith and Anthony J. M. Verberne

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306637

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 15 June 2019

Central Control of Gastrointestinal Function

Central Control of Gastrointestinal Function

(p.259) 14 Central Control of Gastrointestinal Function
Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Pamela J. Hornby

Paul R. Wade

Oxford University Press

This chapter builds on a basic understanding of the central nervous system (CNS) as coordinator of regional gastrointestinal (GI) tract reflexes. The dorsal vagal complex in the CNS permissively governs the largely autonomous control by the enteric nervous system (ENS) of functions such as absorption, secretion and motility. The CNS actively coordinates voluntary and autonomic communication for complex behavioral functions, such as swallowing, emesis and defecation. The CNS and ENS communicate with inflammatory cells, endocrine cells and microbiota to maintain GI homeostasis and their dysfunction can give rise to clinical disorders. For example, stress or enteritis may predispose individuals to Irritable Bowel Syndrome in which altered bowel function is accompanied by visceral pain. Neural modulation of immune cells and release of inflammatory mediators may contribute to Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Thus, the bi-directional brain-gut axis maintains GI health and its perturbation contributes to GI disorders.

Keywords:   brain-gut axis, dorsal vagal nucleus, emesis (or vomiting), metabolic disease, enteric nervous system, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .