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Celibacy and Religious Traditions$
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Carl Olson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306316

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.001.0001

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 Sexual Control and Daoist Cultivation

 Sexual Control and Daoist Cultivation

Chapter:
(p.241) 13 Sexual Control and Daoist Cultivation
Source:
Celibacy and Religious Traditions
Author(s):

Livia Kohn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0013

Celibacy was not central to Daoism ethos and the basic Confucian conviction that the family represented the basis of Chinese society, although harnessing and refining sexual energy, a basic power of life, was essential to Daoism. Inner alchemy schools stressed female superiority in order to harness the primal sexual energy with the intention of transforming it into a spiritual force that created an immortal embryo within one's body. Sexual techniques did not completely eliminate celibacy because it was used as a prelude to enhancing concentration and meditation practices.

Keywords:   Daoism, alchemy, sexual techniques, sexual energy, female, embryo

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