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Celibacy and Religious Traditions$
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Carl Olson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306316

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.001.0001

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 Sexual Control and Daoist Cultivation

 Sexual Control and Daoist Cultivation

(p.241) 13 Sexual Control and Daoist Cultivation
Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Livia Kohn

Oxford University Press

Celibacy was not central to Daoism ethos and the basic Confucian conviction that the family represented the basis of Chinese society, although harnessing and refining sexual energy, a basic power of life, was essential to Daoism. Inner alchemy schools stressed female superiority in order to harness the primal sexual energy with the intention of transforming it into a spiritual force that created an immortal embryo within one's body. Sexual techniques did not completely eliminate celibacy because it was used as a prelude to enhancing concentration and meditation practices.

Keywords:   Daoism, alchemy, sexual techniques, sexual energy, female, embryo

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