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Celibacy and Religious Traditions$
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Carl Olson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306316

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.001.0001

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 Celibacy in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism

 Celibacy in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism

Chapter:
(p.201) 11 Celibacy in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism
Source:
Celibacy and Religious Traditions
Author(s):

John Powers (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0011

The historical Buddha insisted on celibacy for monks and nuns because suffering was caused by ignorant craving and because sexual relations encouraged attachment to the world. Both functioned as obstacles to mental concentration. Monastic rules helped one to comprehend the reason for the essential role of celibacy in the quest for liberation. Buddhist practice became more complex with later developments, such as Tibetan Buddhism, which witnessed some schools insisting on celibacy, while others allowed sexual intercourse within a ritualistic context for advanced practitioners, and other schools approved a married clergy.

Keywords:   Buddha, monks, nuns, monastic rules, sexual intercourse, ritual

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