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Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing BrainIntegrating Brain and Prevention Science$
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Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306255

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2019

Modifying Brain Networks Underlying Self-Regulation

Modifying Brain Networks Underlying Self-Regulation

Chapter:
(p.401) Chapter 18 Modifying Brain Networks Underlying Self-Regulation
Source:
Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain
Author(s):

M. Rosario Rueda

Mary K. Rothbart

Lisa Saccomanno

Michael I. Posner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0018

This chapter begins with a review of the anatomy and function of attentional networks, with special emphasis on the executive network, the one most clearly related to self-regulation. It shows that deficits in the executive attention system are a critical part of a number of mental disorders in children and adults. A specific educational intervention is described that improves the executive attention of children. The data provide support for the idea that training of executive attention during its development can improve performance and generalize to cognitive challenges far removed from the training. Attention training moves the underlying network toward adult levels and that differences in genes related to dopamine function might help us choose which children are most likely to benefit from attention training.

Keywords:   attentional networks, executive attention system, attention training, genetic risk

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