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Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing BrainIntegrating Brain and Prevention Science$
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Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306255

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.001.0001

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Social Stress, Affect, and Neural Function in Adolescence

Social Stress, Affect, and Neural Function in Adolescence

Chapter:
(p.219) Chapter 10 Social Stress, Affect, and Neural Function in Adolescence
Source:
Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain
Author(s):

Erin B. McClure

Daniel S. Pine

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0010

This chapter reviews the literature on mechanisms that underlie the onset and evolution of adolescent anxiety disorders as they relate to the development of anxiety in youth. It begins by examining adolescents' increased risk for anxiety disorders and the roles that social and biological, particularly neural, changes may play in its onset. Particular attention is given to the Social Information Processing Network (SIPN) which has both early (emotional) and later maturing (cognitive control) components. It then considers alterations in patterns of cognition that are associated with adolescent anxiety disorders, as well as their putative underlying neural mechanisms. The chapter describes an approach to studying the intersections among adolescent psychopathology, emotion and cognition, and underlying neural substrates. Finally, possible prevention approaches that integrate neuroscience and clinical research are presented.

Keywords:   anxiety, Social Information Processing Network, SIPN, anxiety disorders, cognition

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