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AttentionFrom Theory to Practice$
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Arthur F. Kramer, Douglas A. Wiegmann, and Alex Kirlik

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195305722

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.001.0001

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Novice Driver Crashes: Failure to Divide Attention or Failure to Recognize Risks

Novice Driver Crashes: Failure to Divide Attention or Failure to Recognize Risks

Chapter:
(p.134) Chapter 10 Novice Driver Crashes: Failure to Divide Attention or Failure to Recognize Risks
Source:
Attention
Author(s):

Donald L. Fisher

Alexander Pollatsek

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.003.0010

The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles among sixteen-year-old novice drivers is almost eight times higher than it is among the safest cohort of drivers, those with their driver's license for twenty years or more. Why do teen drivers have such a high accident rate and what can be done about it? Clearly, any serious attempt at remediation requires that one understands something about the types of behaviors that lead to crashes and what it is about driving that leads to such behaviors for the novice. There are many possible reasons why searching for potential risks might not be a trivial skill, and this chapter takes as its starting point multiple-resource theory. Perhaps problems occur for novice drivers that do not occur for more experienced drivers because experienced drivers can better divide their attention between the vehicle control task and the search and risk prediction tasks. There are other variants of what is known globally as the divided attention hypothesis.

Keywords:   novice drivers, teen drivers, automobile accidents, automobile crashes, attention, driving, risks, multiple-resource theory, divided attention hypothesis, vehicle control task

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