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The Road to Martyrs' SquareA Journey into the World of the Suicide Bomber$
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Anne Marie Oliver and Paul F. Steinberg

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195305593

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305593.001.0001

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. The Brotherhood

. The Brotherhood

9. The Brotherhood
The Road to Martyrs' Square

Anne Marie Oliver

Paul F. Steinberg

Oxford University Press

Founded in Egypt by Hasan al–Banna in 1928, the Muslim Brotherhood could trace its activism in Palestine back to 1936, the year of Yasin's birth and the year in which a major revolt had broken out against the Jews and the British. It laid the foundation for all future uprisings, including the intifada. Some forty years after its conclusion, Yasin would choose to name the military wing of Hamas after 'Izz as–Din al–Qassam, a Syrian Arab who had preached fiery jihad and organized bands of guerrillas in the Haifa hills. In 1980, thousands of Muslim brothers took to the streets of Gaza ransacking and burning “leftist” institutions, including the Palestinian Red Crescent Society. The intifada erupted in 1987. Yasin and the Brothers abandoned their former gradualism and entered the fray under the name “the Islamic Resistance Movement” or “Hamas”.

Keywords:   Hamas, Palestinian red Crescent Society, intifada, Hasan al–Banna, Muslim Brotherhood

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