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Inventing God's LawHow the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi$
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David P. Wright

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304756

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.001.0001

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Animal Theft, Crop Destruction, Deposit, and Burglary (Exodus 21:37–22:8)

Animal Theft, Crop Destruction, Deposit, and Burglary (Exodus 21:37–22:8)

(p.230) 9 Animal Theft, Crop Destruction, Deposit, and Burglary (Exodus 21:37–22:8)
Inventing God's Law

David P. Wright (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains the compositional logic lying being the series of laws on animal theft, burglary, crop destruction, and deposit in Exodus 21:37–22:8. Here the Covenant Code has used the technique of cross-referencing to laws in other places of Hammurabi's text or to other sources. The chapter explains that the law about the resolution of legal claims in 22:8 is a general law, comparable to the talion law in 21:23–25, also a general law. These laws are summaries that allow abridgment of the source as well as set down principles that operate in their respective sections of legislation. The chapter also explains that the out-of-place burglary law in 22:1–2a was conceptually created with the deposit law of 22:6–8 and only secondarily received its present position.

Keywords:   theft, burglary, crops, agriculture, deposit, bailment, animals, property

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