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Inventing God's LawHow the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi$
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David P. Wright

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304756

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.001.0001

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Homicide, Injury, Miscarriage, and Talion (Exodus 21:12–14, 18–27)

Homicide, Injury, Miscarriage, and Talion (Exodus 21:12–14, 18–27)

(p.154) 6 Homicide, Injury, Miscarriage, and Talion (Exodus 21:12–14, 18–27)
Inventing God's Law

David P. Wright (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This explores the compositional logic involved in creating the laws on homicide (Exodus 21:12–14), injury/assault (vv. 18–19), slave homicide (vv. 20–21), aggravated miscarriage (abortion; vv. 22–23), talion ("an eye for and eye," etc.; vv. 23b-25), and slave injury (vv. 26–27). It demonstrates that all of these laws are a unity based on sources in the Laws of Hammurabi. It also shows that the talion law is integrally connected to the legislation on homicide and injury, giving the requirement that one must indemnify a victim or their kin, even if the injury or homicide was accidental. The Covenant Code thus identifies and solve problems in the homicide and injury laws of its source.

Keywords:   homicide, assault, injury, liability, Talion eye for an eye, intention, vicarious punishment, slavery

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