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Inventing God's LawHow the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi$
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David P. Wright

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304756

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.001.0001

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The Themes and Ideology of the Apodictic Laws (Exodus 20:23–26; 21:1; 22:20–23:19)

The Themes and Ideology of the Apodictic Laws (Exodus 20:23–26; 21:1; 22:20–23:19)

Chapter:
(p.286) 11 The Themes and Ideology of the Apodictic Laws (Exodus 20:23–26; 21:1; 22:20–23:19)
Source:
Inventing God's Law
Author(s):

David P. Wright (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.003.0011

This and the following chapter discuss the compositional logic involved in creating the Covenant Code's apodictic laws. These laws show most clearly the ideological intention of the Covenant Code, that it seeks to create a law composition that stands as a symbol of resistance to Assyrian hegemony at the end of the 8th or the beginning of the 7th centuries BCE. The chapter discusses the replacement of Hammurabi (and Mesopotamian gods) with Yahweh, who is presented as the revealer and author of the biblical collection. It also describes the three topical focuses of the apodictic laws: the poor, the cult (i.e., temple and associated activities), and the proper pursuit of justice.

Keywords:   apodictic law, ideology, theology, sacrifice, temple and cult, poverty, justice, Yahweh

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