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First DemocracyThe Challenge of an Ancient Idea$
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Paul Woodruff

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304541

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304541.001.0001

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(p.81) Chapter Four Harmony
First Democracy

Paul Woodruff

Oxford University Press

The harmony of Athens and her neighbours, especially with opposing Sparta, has been reflected in various forms of literature such as Aesop's The Bundle of Sticks, the Woven Fabric, and as well as in music. History on the other hand tells otherwise and claims that the inspiration for these creative works were the tragedies of civil wars, tyranny, and imperial excess that occurred with and within Athens. Without harmony there is no unity which can be attained by accepting differences and forming democracy. This chapter depicts events that led to the First Democracy, particularly the relationship between Sparta and Athens and, in general, the civil wars.

Keywords:   Cleocritus, Athens, Sparta, civil wars, tyranny, imperial excess, First Democracy

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