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Rhythms of the Brain$
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György Buzsáki

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195301069

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.001.0001

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Structure Defines Function

Structure Defines Function

Chapter:
(p.29) Cycle 2 Structure Defines Function
Source:
Rhythms of the Brain
Author(s):

Buzsáki György

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0002

The neocortex is built from five principal-cell types and numerous classes of interneurons. Early formulation of cortical structure emphasized the modularity of the neocortex. Its robust local tensegrity organization has allowed for continuous growth. Medium- and long-range connections that compose the white matter and interconnect nonadjacent cortical neuronal circuits are relatively sparse but sufficient to keep the synaptic path lengths constant in brains of different sizes. Such interconnectedness is a prerequisite for global operations in finite temporal windows. The small-world-like, scale-free organization of cortical architecture may provide some quantitative rules for the growth of both cell numbers and associated axonal connections while minimizing the cost of connectivity, though available anatomical data indicate that cortical areas processing similar kinds of information are more strongly connected than required. Limiting excitatory spread and segregation of computation are solved by balanced interactions between the excitatory principal cells and inhibitory interneurons.

Keywords:   tensegrity, hierarchy, wiring economy, power law, principal cells, interneuron, organization, long-range connections, local computation, global computation

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