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Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific$
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Jonathan S. Friedlaender

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195300307

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.001.0001

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Origins of Plant Exploitation in Near Oceania: A Review

Origins of Plant Exploitation in Near Oceania: A Review

Chapter:
(p.181) 12 Origins of Plant Exploitation in Near Oceania: A Review
Source:
Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific
Author(s):

Robin Allaby

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0012

This chapter reviews the developing evidence from archaeobotany (including the molecular evidence) on the history of plant exploitation in Near Oceania. The old notion that most domesticated crops were imported from Southeast Asia is not borne out by the botanical evidence. Rather, many of the principal crops of Near Oceania appear to have been domesticated locally, and over a time period that predates the arrival of the Proto-Oceanic/Lapita cultures. This evidence represents another corollary to the dynamic nature of population development in the region, with a sophistication attributed to earlier peoples of the region previously unacknowledged under the old paradigm of a two-wave colonization of Oceania.

Keywords:   archaeobotany, domestication, plant exploitation, Near Oceania, Lapita

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