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The End of Early MusicA Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century$
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Bruce Haynes

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189872

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189872.001.0001

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The Medium Is the Message

The Medium Is the Message

Period Instruments

(p.151) 9 The Medium Is the Message
The End of Early Music

Bruce Haynes

Oxford University Press

The years 1760 to 1840 are usually associated with the Industrial Revolution. They also encompassed a series of significant musical developments that led from Galant music to the Romantic/Canonic aesthetic. During this period, every kind of musical instrument underwent a fundamental transformation from the Baroque type to the Romantic. String instruments were rebuilt, mainly in order to make them louder and reduce the overtones, giving them a rounder, thicker sound. Woodwinds were redesigned so that each semitone was played with its own dedicated tone hole; this meant adding keys to close those holes when they were not used. The general system of tuning changed fundamentally, as leading tones became high rather than low and a new simplifying universal tuning, equal temperament, became common. This chapter discusses Period instruments and the influence of musical instruments on performing style, violins, and hardware and software for Period instruments.

Keywords:   musical instruments, Period instruments, Galant music, tuning, performing style, violins, hardware, software

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