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Aggression in the Sports WorldA social psychological perspective$
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Gordon W. Russell

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189599

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189599.001.0001

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Environmental and Situational Influences

Environmental and Situational Influences

(p.73) 3 Environmental and Situational Influences
Aggression in the Sports World

Gordon W. Russell

Oxford University Press

This chapter highlights environmental factors that include crowding, temperature, noise, color, and lunar effects in an examination of their role in facilitating interpersonal aggression. A number of commonly used drugs, for example alcohol, marijuana, and diazepam, were also evaluated with respect to their effects on aggression. The effects of alcohol on aggression and the extent of its usage by fans versus nonfans and gender were outlined. The most central and hallowed concept in sports, “competition,” is carefully defined and shown to all too easily lead to hostility. Studies on the effects of the mere presence of guns and other weapons on the aggression of bystanders were reviewed. A preliminary examination of where on the field of play aggression occurs was undertaken. While there may be a home field performance advantage, is their a corresponding home field aggression advantage?

Keywords:   alcohol, competition, drugs, guns, marijuana, temperature

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