This chapter provides a brief background on the nature of personality traits and what is required to establish their validity. The popular Aggression Questionnaire is singled out and described in some detail in regard to its relationships with a number of other personality variables. Also highlighted are a number of personality theories including the macho and Machiavellian personality each having special relevance for sports aggression. The strength of one's identification with an athlete or sports team is similarly shown to be predictive of aggression. The question of the value of training in the martial arts as a means of reducing the student's aggression is addressed against the background of existing research. Biological influences including sex differences, chromosomes, and testosterone are examined with respect to aggression. The question of parallels between fighting fish and a schoolyard fight is raised in a concluding section.
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