The chapter begins with a brief discussion of the need to consider ethnocultural status in mental health assessments and the limitations of current knowledge. It then reviews the impact of ethnocultural affiliation on the risk of exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTE) and the lifetime prevalence and conditional risk of PTSD in non-White, non Euro-American groups. This is followed by a discussion of how ethnocultural status is reflected in the expression of psychological injuries or symptoms and subsequent coping and help-seeking responses. The chapter also examines cross-cultural assessment issues and ethics. It ends with a discussion of current controversies and recommendations regarding future directions in the field.
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