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Michael E. Bratman

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195187717

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.001.0001

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Planning Agency, Autonomous Agency

Planning Agency, Autonomous Agency

(p.195) Chapter 10 Planning Agency, Autonomous Agency
Structures of Agency

Michael E. Bratman

Oxford University Press

Are there forms of psychological functioning that can be characterized without seeing the agent herself as playing an irreducible role and that are plausible candidates for sufficient conditions for agential governance? Are certain forms of functioning necessary for self-governance? The basic issue is one about sufficient conditions for autonomy; and we should be alive to the possibility that there are, at bottom, several different forms of functioning, each of which is sufficient, but no one of which is necessary for self-governance. This chapter highlights the basic connection between planning agency, agential authority, and self-government. It also returns to an important practical pressure in the direction of conative hierarchy. It examines two prominent models of relevant forms of psychological functioning: hierarchical models that highlight responsiveness to higher-order conative attitudes and value-judgment-responsive models that highlight responsiveness to judgments about the good. The chapter solves these problems by drawing on planning theory.

Keywords:   psychological functioning, planning theory, self-governance, autonomy, planning agency, agential authority, conative hierarchy, hierarchical models, value judgment

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