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Applied EpidemiologyTheory to practice$
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Ross C. Brownson and Diana B. Petitti

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195187410

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.001.0001

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Systematic Reviews in Public Health

Systematic Reviews in Public Health

Chapter:
(p.99) 4 Systematic Reviews in Public Health
Source:
Applied Epidemiology
Author(s):

Melissa L. Mcpheeters

Peter Briss

Steven J. Teutsch

Benedict Truman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.003.0004

This chapter provides a real-life perspective on systematic reviews, including some of the challenges involved and some of the areas in which there are differences of opinion among experts about potential solutions, and with particular focus on population-based studies. The general steps in conducting a review include selecting appropriate team members to participate, developing a conceptual model and well-constructed key questions, defining and selecting interventions for review, searching for the relevant information, evaluating the quality of the studies and body of literature, and summarizing the data in a clear and useful manner. Each of these steps has a set of methods that have been developed over time as systematic review methodology has grown, and each is meant to maintain rigor and reduce bias in the final conclusions. Ultimately, systematic reviews should be useful for supporting public health and health care decision making.

Keywords:   public health practice, systematic review, healthcare decision making, epidemiology, population-based studies, conceptual models

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