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Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies$
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I-Min Lee

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195183009

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183009.001.0001

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Physical Activity, Fitness, and the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

Physical Activity, Fitness, and the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

(p.201) 11 Physical Activity, Fitness, and the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies

Gang Hu

Timo A. Lakka

Jaakko Tuomilehto

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews current evidence regarding the role of physical activity and physical fitness in the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. Epidemiological evidence from prospective cohort studies and clinical trials indicates that thirty minutes/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Such activity reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by exerting favorable changes in insulin sensitivity and the metabolic syndrome (including reducing body weight, blood pressure, plasma levels of triglycerides, and inflammation) and increasing plasma levels of HDL cholesterol.

Keywords:   physical activity, diabetes, prevention, physical fitness, type 2 diabetes, insulin

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