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The Master Musicians: Mozart$
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Julian Rushton

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195182644

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182644.001.0001

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Italy and Salzburg 1769–1773

Italy and Salzburg 1769–1773

(p.26) Chapter 3 Italy and Salzburg 1769–1773
The Master Musicians: Mozart

Julian Rushton

Oxford University Press

On 12 December 1769, the male Mozarts set off for Italy, aided by 120 ducats from the court treasury. The Mozarts gave their first concert in Verona at the end of 1769, then travelled on to Milan. The Austrian governor, Count Firmian, a relation of a former archbishop of Salzburg, was particularly supportive, and he commissioned Mozart to write the main opera seria for the next Carnival. The Mozarts moved on to Florence, where Archduke Leopold ruled as governor of Tuscany, and where Mozart formed his brief but close friendship with Thomas Linley; it included playing music together. Mozart returned to Salzburg in March 1773 a recognised maestro, skilled on keyboard and violin, and an experienced composer with the necessary equipment to be a Kapellmeister. But he was barely seventeen, and so unemployable in a capacity where he would have the direction of older, possibly recalcitrant or self-opinionated, musicians.

Keywords:   Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Italy, Thomas Linley, Salzburg, composer

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