This chapter discusses the two principal themes running through the Fourth Symphony. Incidentally this is not the B A C H theme which in this key would run. The (A) theme appears first as the tail-end of the opening subject of the first movement, thus two other phrases complete the first group of subjects and the following version of (B). It then follows a long cantilena, played by the upper strings, accompanied by repeated notes on the wind. This leads to the key of D major and the following new theme. There is no complete recapitulation of the first subjects, but after a few bars suggestive of the opening, the cantilena passage follows immediately, this time in the bass, with a counter melody in the treble. This works up to a fortissimo. The music then dies away, and ends with a soft and slow repetition of the D major theme, this time in D flat.
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