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Vaughan Williams on Music$
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David Manning

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195182392

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182392.001.0001

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Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)

Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)

(p.173) Chapter 34 Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)
Vaughan Williams on Music

David Manning

Oxford University Press

In terms of development and harmony, Arnold Schoenberg's method is among the major turning points of musical thought in the twentieth century. During the 1920s he created the 12-tone technique, a compositional method that was influential. It manipulated an ordered series of all 12 notes in the chromatic scale. Schoenberg also coined the developing variation term, and was the first composer in the modern era to embrace ways of creating motifs without compromising the melodic idea. Early in his career, he was widely known for his success in simultaneously extending the traditionally opposed Romantic styles of Johannes Brahms and Richard Wagner. Schoenberg would later come to personify innovations in atonality, which would become the most controversial feature of art music in the twentieth century.

Keywords:   development, harmony, Arnold Schoenberg, 12-tone technique, compositional method, developing variation, atonality

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