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Rational and Irrational BeliefsResearch, Theory, and Clinical Practice$
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Daniel David, Steven Lynn, and Albert Ellis

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195182231

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.001.0001

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Rational and Irrational Beliefs in Primary Prevention and Mental Health

Rational and Irrational Beliefs in Primary Prevention and Mental Health

(p.173) 9 Rational and Irrational Beliefs in Primary Prevention and Mental Health
Rational and Irrational Beliefs

Donald A. Caserta

E. Thomas Dowd

Daniel David

Albert Ellis

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews research on the relationship between rational beliefs (RBs) and indicators of emotional wellness, the predictive utility of RBs when identifying healthier adaptive functioning in children, adolescents, and adults; and the current status of RBs in the prevention literature. Research provides evidence for the associations between indicators of rational beliefs and adaptive responses to general negative life events and stressors, such as job-related stress, anticipation of surgery, adolescents' general adjustment in high school, relationship problems, and frustration/anger management, as well as more significant or chronic adversities, including loss of a loved one, imprisonment, management of a disability, and childhood maltreatment. What is less clear is what types of rational beliefs provide psychological protection against what kinds of problems.

Keywords:   rational beliefs, irrational beliefs, emotional wellness, adaptive function

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