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Minds Behind the BrainA history of the pioneers and their discoveries$
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Stanley Finger

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181821

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001

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Charles Scott Sherrington: The Integrated Nervous System

Charles Scott Sherrington: The Integrated Nervous System

Chapter:
(p.217) 14 Charles Scott Sherrington: The Integrated Nervous System
Source:
Minds Behind the Brain
Author(s):

Stanley Finger (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0014

Charles Scott Sherrington is a scientist best known for his work on how the elements of the nervous system join together functionally. In 1885, the year in which he completed his medical degree, Sherrington went to southern Europe to investigate an epidemic of Asiatic cholera. He wound up spending a year with Robert Koch, who had discovered the bacillus responsible for tuberculosis. While learning all he could about pathology from Koch, he was already finding the study of the working nervous system even more alluring. This chapter discusses Sherrington's work on the knee jerk, synapses, muscular sense (also known as kinesthesia or propioception), spinal roots and dermatomes, reciprocal innervation, scratch reflex and chaining, ape motor cortex, brain damage and recovery, and the relationship between mind and brain.

Keywords:   Charles Scott Sherrington, nervous system, cholera, knee jerk, synapses, muscular sense, spinal roots, dermatomes, reciprocal innervation, brain

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