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Minds Behind the BrainA history of the pioneers and their discoveries$
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Stanley Finger

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181821

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001

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Paul Broca: Cortical Localization and Cerebral Dominance

Paul Broca: Cortical Localization and Cerebral Dominance

Chapter:
(p.137) 10 Paul Broca: Cortical Localization and Cerebral Dominance
Source:
Minds Behind the Brain
Author(s):

Stanley Finger (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0010

Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud was the most ardent supporter of cortical localization in the cerebral cortex during the second quarter of the 19th century. He found support from his son-in-law Simon Alexandre Ernest Aubertin and Paul Broca. In March 1861, Broca delivered a paper on the relationship between brain size and intelligence. The more he thought about it, the less willing he was to accept the idea that all parts of the cerebral hemispheres function in the same way. Broca raised the possibility that the frontal lobes may serve other executive functions, including judgment, reflection, and abstraction. In his 1865 paper on cerebral dominance, Broca was forced to deal with some recently surfaced exceptions to the idea that the center for articulate language resides in the third frontal convolution of the left hemisphere. Broca contributed significantly to human physical anthropology and wrote important papers on the anatomy of the brain.

Keywords:   Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud, Paul Broca, Simon Alexandre Ernest Aubertin, cortical localization, intelligence, frontal lobes, cerebral dominance, cerebral cortex, cerebral hemispheres, brain size

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