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The Ghost of Jim CrowHow Southern Moderates Used Brown v Board of Education to Stall the Civil Rights Movement$
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Anders Walker

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181746

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181746.001.0001

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“Legal Means”: Luther Hodges Limits Brown in North Carolina

“Legal Means”: Luther Hodges Limits Brown in North Carolina

(p.49) 2 “Legal Means”: Luther Hodges Limits Brown in North Carolina
The Ghost of Jim Crow

Anders Walker (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows how Luther Hodges, inspired by Coleman, developed his own strategies of fighting integration in North Carolina. It begins by discussing Hodges's work with the Pearsall Committee, a committee of legal experts charged with devising legalist strategies for circumventing Brown. It then shows how Hodges sought to augment the committee's work by recommending that African Americans accept segregation voluntarily to preserve their traditions and “culture.” Alert to the danger that white extremists posed to moderation, Hodges empowered white voters by allowing them to close public schools in their districts, even as he employed the State Bureau of Investigation to intimidate the Ku Klux Klan. Angered by NAACP activism, particularly the exploitation of a juvenile court case involving two African American boys accused of “kissing” two white girls, Hodges worked hard to shift public attention away from white repression and toward black shortcomings, particularly illegitimacy rates.

Keywords:   Integration, segregation, Pearsall Committee, white extremists, Southern moderates

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