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Peter Adamson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181425

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.001.0001

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 The Heavens

 The Heavens

Prediction and Providence

(p.181) 8 The Heavens

Peter Adamson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows how al-Kindī interweaves ideas from Greek cosmology to give a theory that can explain the efficacy of astrology and how God’s providence is dispersed by means of heavenly influence. A concrete example is found in al-Kindī’s works on meteorology, since he thinks that weather is produced by celestial causation. The mechanics of this causation are explained differently in different works, which leads to a consideration of the authenticity of On Rays, which is ascribed to al-Kindī, and its place in his corpus. Finally, the chapter considers whether al-Kindī’s account commits him to determinism, and whether he thinks universal causal determinism is compatible with human freedom.

Keywords:   astrology, cosmology, providence, meteorology, determinism, freedom

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