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Al-KindĪ$
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Peter Adamson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181425

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.001.0001

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 Eternity

 Eternity

Infinite Creator and Finite World

Chapter:
(p.74) 4 Eternity
Source:
Al-KindĪ
Author(s):

Peter Adamson (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0004

This chapter surveys the Greek background in Plato’s Timaeus, Aristotle’s Physics and De Caelo, and the dispute between late Greek thinkers, especially Proclus and Philoponus. Against this background, al-Kindī’s arguments that only God can be eternal and that creation must be finite in time as well as space are explored. It is suggested that al-Kindī’s interest in this topic can be explained in terms of the contemporary ’Abbāsid dogma that the Koran is not eternal, but created.

Keywords:   eternity, creation, infinity, Mutazilites, Philoponus, time, Proclus, Timaeus, De Caelo, ’Abbāsids

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