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Peter Adamson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181425

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.001.0001

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Sources and Structure

(p.21) 2Falsafa

Peter Adamson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses al-Kindī’s main influences from Greek works produced by the translation movement, and how al-Kindī thought the ideas from these works should be put together into a coherent philosophical curriculum. In philosophy, al-Kindī was most influenced by Aristotle and by Neoplatonic works (such as the Liber de Causis and Theology of Aristotle, which are Arabic versions of works by Proclus and Plotinus). His vision of philosophical methodology follows a Greek tradition of dividing philosophy up in terms of the different objects studied in different sciences. Finally, the chapter discusses the role of the Arabic language and Islam in al-Kindī’s thought by surveying texts in which he engages in Koranic exegesis, and by explaining his project of developing a new Arabic terminology in philosophy.

Keywords:   translation movement, philosophical curriculum, methodology, terminology, Koranic exegesis, Liber de Causis, Theology of Aristotle

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