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Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders$
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Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179941

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001

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Genes and Atypical Attention

Genes and Atypical Attention

Chapter:
(p.59) 3 Genes and Atypical Attention
Source:
Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders
Author(s):

Kim Cornish

John Wilding

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0003

Chapter 3 introduces the six core neurodevelopmental disorders and their genetic origins. The genetics of four disorders (Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome and 22q11 deletion syndrome) are now well documented but the genetic origins of autism and ADHD, although generally assumed are as yet unclear. However, establishing the causal links between the genetic, cognitive and behavioral levels of analysis is a complex process. Similarities in behaviors across differing disorders can arrive through different cognitive mechanisms that have their roots in specific genetic-brain interactions. Current research endeavors represent exciting new directions in teasing out the genetic contribution to the attention problems that characterize many neurodevelopmental disorders.

Keywords:   genes, cognition, ADHD, autism, Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome, 22q11 deletion syndrome, gene–environment interactions

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