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Safe and Healthy School Environments$
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Howard Frumkin, Robert Geller, I. Leslie Rubin, and Janice Nodvin

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179477.001.0001

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(p.34) 4 Noise
Safe and Healthy School Environments

Lorraine E. Maxwell

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the nonauditory effect of noise on children, that is, the effect of noise apart from hearing loss. Noise sources can be external (e.g., roads, trains, aircraft) or internal (e.g., resulting from poor acoustic designs for classrooms, normal classroom activities, and ambient sources such as HVAC systems). Both acute and chronic noisy conditions influence learning. Noise affects communication between teachers and students, motivation, attention, memory, and thus academic achievement. A noisy school environment can be a source of stress for both children and teachers. Most efforts to reduce noise are directed at the classroom. Careful school design and modification can alleviate noisy conditions in and around the building.

Keywords:   schools, noise, schoolchildren, school environment, noise reduction, school design, learning

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