Forests are more than just groups of trees, they are home to many organisms. In a forest one can see the scrape marks of deer and bear, the thick growth of mistletoes and shelf fungi, and the damage of bark beetles and sapsuckers. The trees themselves are the focus of our interest, whether they are deciduous or evergreen, how large they are, and when they leaf out and senesce. This chapter begins with different kinds of forests and then considers signs left by other residents of the forest.
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