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Movement and Silence$
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Richard S. Kayne

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179163

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179163.001.0001

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Antisymmetry and Japanese

Antisymmetry and Japanese

Chapter:
(p.215) 9 Antisymmetry and Japanese
Source:
Movement and Silence
Author(s):

Richard S. Kayne (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179163.003.0009

This chapter discusses antisymmetry and returns to the question of prepositions, by addressing the question of how the syntax of postpositions is to be integrated into the above-verb phrase (VP)/internal Merge approach. The proposal is that sentences with postpositions contain an extra double of P that sentences with prepositions lack; if this is correct, the difference between prepositional and postpositional sentences has something in common with cross-linguistic differences concerning clitic doubling. The emphasis is on certain aspects of the antisymmetry hypothesis of Kayne and to a certain extent on their implications for Japanese. The starting point is the hypothesis that syntactic structure is universally and without exception of the form specifier-head-complement (S-H-C): the complement of a head invariably follows that head; the associated specifier invariably precedes both head and complement. This S-H-C hypothesis is taken to hold at all stages of a derivation, both before and after movement.

Keywords:   antisymmetry, Japanese language, prepositions, syntax, sentences, word order, specifier-head-complement hypothesis, complementizers

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