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From Conditioning to Conscious RecollectionMemory systems of the brain$
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Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195178043

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.001.0001

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How Is Memory Organized in the Brain?

How Is Memory Organized in the Brain?

(p.3) 1 How Is Memory Organized in the Brain?
From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection

Howard Eichenbaum

Neal J. Cohen

Oxford University Press

Several ideas have been advanced about how memory is stored in the brain: by specific molecules, by a separate warehouse, by a switchboard that connects associations, and in terms of molecular and cellular plasticity. This book rejects all of these views as incorrect or simplistic, and introduces two major themes that govern the nature and organization of memory in the brain: (1) Memory is a fundamental property of brain, and its storage is intimately tied to ongoing information processing in the brain; (2) Memory is manifested in multiple ways by multiple, functionally, and anatomically distinct brain systems. This book adopts the view that conscious and unconscious forms of memory are distinct, and that the properties of each of these forms of memory are derived from the anatomy and physiological characteristics of the circuitry involved in each system.

Keywords:   multiple memory systems, warehouse, switchboard, plasticity, conscious, unconscious

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