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Massive ResistanceSouthern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction$
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Clive Webb

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195177862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.001.0001

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Massive Resistance and Minimum Compliance: The Origins of the 1957 Little Rock School Crisis and the Failure of School Desegregation in the South

Massive Resistance and Minimum Compliance: The Origins of the 1957 Little Rock School Crisis and the Failure of School Desegregation in the South

Chapter:
(p.76) Four Massive Resistance and Minimum Compliance: The Origins of the 1957 Little Rock School Crisis and the Failure of School Desegregation in the South
Source:
Massive Resistance
Author(s):

John A. Kirk

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.003.0005

This chapter asserts that scholars who focus on the scenes of violent unrest precipitated by the political antics of Governor Orval Faubus misrepresent the real character of the crisis. It focuses less on the public scenes of massive resistance than on the policy of minimum compliance pursued by Arkansas’s superintendent of schools, Virgil T. Blossom. It discusses that although Blossom claimed to steer a politically moderate course between what he called the extremists on both sides of the integration issue, his strategy was simply a more insidious means of undermining implementation of the Supreme Court decision.

Keywords:   Governor Orval Faubus, massive resistance, policy of minimum compliance, Arkansas, Virgil T. Blossom, Supreme Court

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