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The Ghost of FreedomA History of the Caucasus$
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Charles King

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195177756

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177756.001.0001

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 Time of Troubles

 Time of Troubles

(p.200) Five Time of Troubles
The Ghost of Freedom

Charles King (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The 1970s and 1980s were characterized by the long tenure in office of important Communist Party secretaries in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, including Heydar Aliyev and Eduard Shevardnadze. All were involved in building modern and stable Soviet republics after the disruptions of Stalinism, but each also spent a great deal of time battling corruption. Nationalism prompted the three south Caucasus republics to exit the Soviet Union, but it also created serious problems internally, given the secession of territories such as Abkhazia and Nagorno‐Karabakh. Russia's own secessionist struggle with Chechnya defined the north Caucasus in the 1990s.

Keywords:   Abkhazia, Aliyev, Heydar, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Caucasus, Chechnya, Georgia, Nagorno‐Karabakh, Nationalism, Shevardnadze, Eduard

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